population density of australia

[48] Where available, actual population figures from census years are included. Chart and table of Australia population density from 1950 to 2020. Australia has the world's eighth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 30% of the population, a higher proportion than in any other nation with a population of over 10 million. This puts Australia at 228th in the world in terms of population density, sitting between Iceland and Namibia. This gives us a Population Density for Australia of only about 2.8 people per square kilometre. At that time, the indigenous population was estimated to have been between 315,000 and 750,000,[12] divided into as many as 500 tribes speaking many different languages. Australian population statistics 2020. [19], Australia's population has quadrupled since the end of World War I,[20] much of this increase from immigration. During the Great Depression, the rate declined to a low of 7.1 per thousand population in 1934 and 1935. [73] Between the 1991 and 1996 Censuses, Australia’s total population increased by 1.21 per cent per annum. an overall total population increase of one person every 1 minute and 13 seconds. [8], The earliest accepted timeline for the first arrivals of indigenous Australians to the continent of Australia places this human migration to at least 65,000 years ago,[10] most probably from the islands of Indonesia and New Guinea.[11]. Australia's population density at June 2016 was 3.1 people per square kilometre (sq km). Population Age-Sex Structure - 4.1 Population, age and sex, Australia 30 June, 1901 onwards", "Population Characteristics: 20th century: beginning and end", "3101.0 - Australian Demographic Statistics, Jun 2015", "4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 1996", "3105.0.65.001 - Australian Historical Population Statistics, 2008. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Australia divided by total area of the country. As in many Western countries, the level of active participation in religious services is lower than would be indicated by the proportion of the population identifying themselves as affiliated with a religion; weekly attendance at Christian church services is about 1.5 million, or about 7.5% of the population. Includes those identifying as, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, (2015). Among the states and territories, the Australian Capital Territory had the highest population density, at 171 people per sq km, followed by Victoria (27), New South Wales (9.7), and Tasmania (7.6). In 1996 the rate of natural increase fell below seven for the first time, with the downward trend continuing in the late 1990s. The continents population density is 246.11 per square mile. Between 1788 and the Second World War, the vast majority of settlers and immigrants came from the British Isles (principally England, Ireland and Scotland), although there was significant immigration from China and Germany during the 19th century. [86] This makes Australia the 3rd least densely populated country in the world, after Namibia and Mongolia. Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Looking back last eight years of Sydney’s population, the growth rate is very consistent and strong ranging from 1.89% to 10.88%, adding around 90,000 to 467,000 people each year to the overall population. Governmanet statistics including population growth and population density of the population of Australia. Between 2010 and 2018 the population grew at an average of 1% annually. Corruption (A higher score means less (perceived) corruption. Captain James Cook claimed the east coast for Great Britain in 1770, the west coast was later settled by Britain also. Source: UN World Population Prospects[75], As of February 2018, the population growth rate was 0.9%. [76] This rate was based on estimates of (April 2019):[1]. Between 1969 and 2018, population density of Australia grew substantially from 1.6 to 3.2 people per sq. Australia has an area of 7,688,126 square kilometres (km 2), which provides a population density of 3 persons in each square kilometre. The figures are based on the latest 2011 Census data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The Northern Territory has the lowest. [N 4][18], In 2019, 30% of the Australian resident population, or 7,529,570 people, were born overseas. Sources: Our World In Data and the United Nations. Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 1, 2020. United Nations - World Population Prospects, The current population density of Australia in 2020 is, The population density of Australia in 2019 was, The population density of Australia in 2018 was, The population density of Australia in 2017 was. Since 1901, the crude death rate has fallen from about 12.2 deaths per 1,000 population, to 6.4 deaths per 1,000 population in 2006. [83], In June 2018, there was about 980 minors imprisoned in Australia on an average night. Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 1, 2020 See also: Population density map km of land area)", Australian population: ethnic origins (DOC), Build Australian population graph 1960 – 2013 (World Bank data), Build Australian population projection graph till 2100 (United Nation data), Build Australian life expectancy at birth graph 1950 – 2013 (United Nation data), Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013, Census of Population and Housing: Reflecting Australia - Stories from the Census, 2016, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demography_of_Australia&oldid=993562279, Australian Statistical Geography Standard 2011 ID not in Wikidata, Australian Statistical Geography Standard 2016 ID not in Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from June 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [84], As of 2016, Indian Australians were the highest educated migrant group in Australia with 54.6% of Indians in Australia having a bachelor's or higher degree, more than three times Australia's national average of 17.2% in 2011. [82] Additionally, there was 75,544 people in community corrections (various non-custodial punishments such as parole, bail, probation and community service). The following table shows Australia's population by country of birth as estimated by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in 2019. Although their technical culture remained static—depending on wood, bone, and stone tools and weapons— they developed intricate agricultural systems and carefully managed their environment to ensure ongoing sustainability. Population density for New South Wales and surrounding areas can be found in an online community profile and social atlas compiled by id, the population experts and funded by the local council. Population Density. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Population density of Australia. As you can see from the table, even Australia is the 6 th largest countries but her density is the smallest among other largest countries in the world. Note: Estimated populations prior to 1961 do not include the Indigenous population. According to the latest UN data, Australia has a population density of 3.22 people/sq km. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Australia has an average population density of fewer than seven people per square mile and more than 89% of the population living in the urban areas making it one of the most urbanized countries in the world. Below map presents the area and borders of Australia . In the 2016 census, 52.1% of Australians were Christian, 30.1% had no religion, 8.2% followed other religions, and 9.6% did not answer the question. While Australia has no official religion, the various governments of Australia refer to the Christian God in their ceremonies, as do the various Australian Courts. The 2019 population density in Australia is 3 people per Km 2 (8 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 7,682,300 Km2 (2,966,151 sq. See also: Population density … "The Macquarie Dictionary", Fourth Edition. Most of Australia's population live close to coastlines. Largest Cities in Australia # We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. Please enter a valid email address. There has been a fall in the rate of natural increase since 1962 due to falling fertility. The west coast was later settled by Britain also. Australia is the world's least densely populated continent, aside from Antartica which does not have a permanent population. Countries ordered by population density. However, in 2006 the fertility rate rose to 1.81, one of the highest rates in the OECD. The population density of Australia in 2018 was 3.22 people per square kilometer, a 1.28% increase from 2017. The population density in Australia is 3 per Km 2 (9 people per mi 2). Accessed from. 'International Migration' in International migrant stock 2015. Estimates of Aboriginal population prior to European settlement range from 300,000 to one million, with archaeological finds indicating a sustainable maximum population of around 750,000. In the decades immediately following the Second World War, Australia received a large wave of immigration from across Europe, with many more immigrants arriving from Southern and Eastern Europe than in previous decades. The continent’s density is 8.37 per square mile. The next most common languages spoken at home are:[33][34]. The population of Australia as of 2013 is 23,130,900 Arithmetic Density (Average population density per square mile) -3; Physiologic Density (The number of people per unit of arable land) -107 Australia and Namibia tie for a close second with 7.8 people per square mile (3 per sq km). “Among the states and territories, the Australian Capital Territory had the highest population density, at 171 people per sq km, followed by Victoria (27), New South Wales (9.7), and Tasmania (7.6),” the ABS said. [36] At the time of the 2006 census, 52,000 Indigenous Australians, representing 12% of the Indigenous population, reported that they spoke an Indigenous language at home. Australia is the 52nd most populous country in the world and the most populous Oceanian country. Population density varies greatly across Australia. The Population Density for each of the Australian States is as follows: Pop per sq K State 154.00… [27] The remaining population is a diverse group which includes Muslims (2.6%), Buddhists (2.4%), Hindus (1.9%), Sikhs (0.5%), and Jews (0.4%).[27][28]. Australia’s population is not only growing significantly, but is changing dramatically with respect to its composition and distribution. [29] Christian charitable organisations, hospitals and schools play a prominent role in welfare and education services. The population of Australia as of 2013 is 23,130,900 Arithmetic Density (Average population density per square mile) -3; Physiologic Density (The number of people per unit of arable land) -107 Although Australia has no official language, English has always been entrenched as the de facto national language. The total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman. Perth became known as the "City of Light" when residents lit their homes and streetlights as American astronaut John Glenn passed overhead in … Note that population estimates in the table below do not include the Aboriginal population before 1961. Australia covers a very large area: 7,617,930 square kilometre, but with a small population of only about 22 million, as at 2010. These two countries are further examples of density being a limited statistic, as Australia may be huge, but the population resides mainly on its coasts. Find Out In accordance with the Australian Bureau of Statistics source, The Australian Bureau of Statistics source lists England and Scotland separately although they are both part of the. The Australian Bureau of Statistics has released what is probably the most detailed geographic view of population density in Australia.The dataset shows the population … Europe has a population of 743 million, representing 9.73% of the global population as of 2018. [citation needed], Dutch navigators landed on the coasts of modern Western Australia and Queensland several times during the 17th century. [11], These first inhabitants of Australia were generalised as hunter-gatherers, who over the course of many succeeding generations diversified widely throughout the continent and its nearby islands in over 500 different nations. The population density of Greater Sydney, based on the population density figures of the 10,842 SA1s in the area is 390 persons per km 2 Just within the central Sydney suburbs of Ultimo, Pyrmont, Surry Hills and Potts Point – there are 184 SA1s with a population density higher than 10,000 persons per km 2. Population Density Australia 3.18 person/km2. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. It is arguably as dynamic as it has been at any time in the postwar period. miles). Immediately after World War II, the rate increased sharply as a result of the start of the post–World War II baby boom and the immigration of many young people who then had children in Australia. The Australian Bureau of Statistics source lists England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland separately although they are all part of the. The 2019 population density in Australia is 3 people per Km 2 (8 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 7,682,300 Km2 (2,966,151 sq. The population’s density is 187.84 per square miles. Its population is concentrated mainly in urban areas and is expected to exceed 28 million by 2030. According to the 2016 census, English is the only language spoken in the home for close to 72.7% of the population. One of the lowest in the world! [35][36] About 110 others are spoken exclusively by older people. The following figures are ABS estimates for the resident population of Australia, based on the 2001 and 2006 Censuses and other data. Crude birth rates, states and territories, 1860 onwards", "3105.0.65.001 - Australian Historical Population Statistics, 2008 - 4. Enter population-weighted density (PWD) which I’ve looked at previously (see Comparing the densities of Australian, European, Canadian, and New Zealand cities). It has a higher population density of 310 persons per km squared which only goes to emphasize the sparsely inhabited rest of Western Australia. Wells, Andrew, and Theresa Martinez, eds. Australia area and population density. As you can see from the table, even Australia is the 6 th largest countries but her density is the smallest among other largest countries in the world. ", "Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Population", "The Evolution of Australia's Multicultural Policy", https://www.homeaffairs.gov.au/research-and-stats/files/report-migration-program-2018-19.pdf, "Main Features - Cultural Diversity Article", "2016 Census Community Profiles: Australia", "Feature Article - Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Australia (Feature Article)", "Table 5.1 Estimated resident population, by country of birth(a), Australia, as at 30 June, 1996 to 2019(b)(c)", "3105.0.65.001—Australian Historical Population Statistics, 2006", "Fact Sheet 20 – Migration Program Planning Levels", "Census of Population and Housing: Reflecting Australia - Stories from the Census, 2016 : Religion in Australia", "NCLS releases latest estimates of church attendance", "Pluralist Nations: Pluralist Language Policies? The crude birth rate is the total number of live births per 1,000 population in a year. The population of Australia is estimated to be 25,712,100 as of 11 December 2020. Captain James Cook wrote that he claimed the east coast for Great Britain in 1770 while standing on Possession Island off the west coast of Cape York Peninsula. miles) 85.9 % of the population is urban (21,903,705 people in 2020) Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation.[56]. The Northern Territory has an Indigenous population of almost 70,000 and represents about 30% of the total Northern Territory population. one migrant person arriving to live in Australia every 56 seconds, one Australian resident leaving Australia to live overseas every 1 minute and 53 seconds, leading to. A rate plateau of over 13.0 persons per 1,000 population occurred for every year from 1946 to 1962. In the 2011 census, 495,757 respondents declared they were Aboriginal, 31,407 declared they were Torres Strait Islander, and a further 21,206 declared they were both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. Population by sex, states and territories, 30 June 1901 onwards", "Total Fertility Rate around the world over the last centuries", "3105.0.65.001 - Australian Historical Population Statistics, 2006.Table 42. Please check your download folder. Aboriginal population density ranged from approximately one person per 3 km2 (1 sq mi) along the coasts to one person per 90 km2 (35 sq mi) in the arid interior. Sources. As the 6th largest nation in the world, Australia has a very low population density of just 3 people per square kilometer, or 7 per square mile. [6] The life expectancy of Australia in 2015–2017 was 83.2 years, among the highest in the world.[7]. The figure of 0.44 km2 (0.17 sq mi) is still widely cited by many sources despite its … Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics. ", Department of Immigration and Citizenship, "2071.0 - Census of Population and Housing: Reflecting Australia - Stories from the Census, 2016", Hindi is the top Indian language spoken in Australia, "National Indigenous Languages Survey Report 2005", "4713.0 – Population Characteristics, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006", "20680-Language Spoken at Home (full classification list) by Sex – Australia", "2011 Community Profiles: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Indigenous) Profile", "Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population", "TABLE 1.1. Despite a population of 2.48 million, Brisbane only has a density of 145 people/sq km. 38.2% of annual growth was due to natural increase, and 61.8% was due to net overseas migration. At the time of Australian Federation in 1901, the rate of natural increase was 14.9 persons per 1,000 population. Population-weighted density takes a weighted average of the density of all parcels of land that make up a city, with each parcel weighted by its population. The quarterly growth was 113,900 people (0.4%). one death every 3 minutes and 20 seconds. ), most sparsely populated countries in the world, List of cities in Australia by population, List of population demographics of New South Wales by local government area, "Aussie Beer Drinking Market Goes Flat, Slumping to 65-Year Low", "Australia's population to hit 28 million by 2031: report", "Migration—Australian migration flows and population", "3302.0.55.001 – Life Tables, States, Territories and Australia, 2015–2017", "3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2018-19", "Indigenous rock shelter in Top End pushes Australia's human history back to 65,000 years", "When did Australia's earliest inhabitants arrive? It shows only countries or regions of birth with a population of over 100,000 residing in Australia. Namibia has the same density figure but a much smaller total land area. This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 06:54. … The, The Australian Bureau of Statistics has stated that most who nominate "Australian" as their ancestry are part of the, Of any ancestry. [81], or 169 per 100,000 total population. Over 250 Indigenous Australian languages are thought to have existed at the time of first European contact, of which less than 20 are still in daily use by all age groups. Blog - Follow us on Twitter - Buy a poster - Contact us by email Australia in 2019 is the 54th biggest country in the world by population, but surprisingly it’s the 6th largest country by land mass, making the population density 3/km². Population Density of Australia Australia’s population density is 3.14 people per square kilometer. Population density varies greatly across Australia. Australia's population is estimated to be 24 million people in 2017, and it is the world’s 52nd most populous country and the most populated Oceaniacountry. The demography of Australia covers basic statistics, most populous cities, ethnicity and religion. The continent covers an area of 3,930,000 square miles. Australia was, historically, a majority Protestant nation with a large Catholic minority. The top six largest countries are: Russia, Canada, America, China, Brazil and Australia. [57], Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics. Population Density. The ACT has the highest population density of any state and territory in Australia, followed by Victoria and New South Wales. The total land area is 7,682,300 Km2 (2,966,151 sq. Europe. Since the end of the White Australia policy in 1973, Australia has pursued an official policy of multiculturalism,[13] and there has been a large and continuing wave of immigration from across the world, with Asia being the largest source of immigrants in the 21st century. The rate increased to a peak of 17.4 per thousand population in the years 1912, 1913 and 1914. Mongolia, Western Sahara and Suriname have fewer people per square kilometer than Australia. km of land area) - Australia from The World Bank: Data Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). This is generally attributed to the semi-arid and desert geography of much of the interior of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Australia. As of 2019, Australia has an estimated population of 25.09 million. A considerable proportion of first- and second-generation migrants are bilingual. ★ Australia population density: Add an external link to your content for free. [30] Australian English is a major variety of the language with a distinctive accent and lexicon,[31] and differs slightly from other varieties of English in grammar and spelling. It is based on fairly good data for the entire period. In fertility rates, 2.1 and above is a stable population and has been marked blue, 2 and below leads to an aging population and the result is that the population decreases. Only countries with 100,000 or more are listed here. Most spoke several languages, and nation groups sometimes linked widely scattered tribal groups. The population is mainly concentrated in the urban areas, and it is estimated to reach over 28 million by 2030. Much of the data that follows has been derived from the CIA World Factbook[67] and the Australian Bureau of Statistics, through censuses. [58][59][60][61], Median age of the Australia population through history. Level 2, 53 Blackall Street Barton ACT 2600 02 6260 3733 www.regionalaustralia.org.au Population Dynamics in Regional Australia January, 2015 [25][26] Australia has become a religiously diverse country with 22% being Catholic, 30% having no religion and there are significant numbers of Muslims, Buddhists, Hindus and others. Find Out km. it is also the most populous country in oceania, three times more populous than its neighbor papua new guinea (8.2 million) and 5 times more populous than new zealand (4.5 million). km rising at an increasing annual rate that reached a maximum of 3.44% in 1971 and then decreased to 1.55% in 2018. The population density of Greater Sydney, based on the population density figures of the 10,842 SA1s in the area is 390 persons per km 2; Just within the central Sydney suburbs of Ultimo, Pyrmont, Surry Hills and Potts Point – there are 184 SA1s with a population density higher than 10,000 persons per km 2. Population projections by the Australian Bureau of Statistics indicate that continued low fertility, combined with the increase in deaths from an ageing population, will result in natural increase falling below zero sometime in the mid-2030s. For more information about immigration see Immigration to Australia and Foreign-born population of Australia. Population density, people per square km in Australia: The average for 2018 based on 12 countries was 81 people per square km.The highest value was in Tuvalu: 384 people per square km and the lowest value was in Australia: 3 people per square km. miles). Australia population density is 3.3 people per square kilometer (8.6/mi 2) as of December 2020. [1] Australia is the 52nd most populous country in the world and the most populous Oceanian country. [24], In an optional question on the 2016 Census, 52.1% of the Australian population declared some variety of Christianity. The demography of Australia covers basic statistics, most populous cities, ethnicity and religion.

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